Description of Business, Basis of Presentation and Recent Accounting Pronouncements
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Description of Business, Basis of Presentation and Recent Accounting Pronouncements||
Description of Business
Marcus & Millichap, Inc. (the “Company,” “Marcus & Millichap,” or “MMI”), a Delaware corporation, is a brokerage firm specializing in commercial real estate investment sales, financing, research and advisory services. As of March 31, 2022, MMI operates 81 offices in the United States and Canada through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, including the operations of Marcus & Millichap Capital Corporation.
Reorganization and Initial Public Offering
MMI was formed in June 2013 in preparation for Marcus & Millichap Company (“MMC”) to
spin-offits majority-owned subsidiary, Marcus & Millichap Real Estate Investment Services, Inc. (“MMREIS”). Prior to the initial public offering (“IPO”) of MMI, all of the preferred and common stockholders of MMREIS (including MMC and employees of MMREIS) contributed all of their outstanding shares to MMI, in exchange for new MMI common stock. As a result, MMREIS became a wholly-owned subsidiary of MMI. Thereafter, MMC distributed 80.0% of the shares of MMI common stock to MMC’s shareholders and exchanged the remaining portion of its shares of MMI common stock for cancellation of indebtedness of MMC. MMI completed its IPO in .
Basis of Presentation
The financial information presented in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, has been prepared in accordance with rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for quarterly reports on Form
Regulation S-X.Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, including the Company’s accounting policies for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-Kfiled on March 1, 2022 with the SEC. The results of the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022, for other interim periods or for future years.
Considerations Related to the
The Company may continue to experience operational and financial impacts due to the ongoing
COVID-19pandemic and actual results may differ from the Company’s current estimates and historical trends because of that uncertainty. Notwithstanding the potential continuing impact of the
COVID-19pandemic and changes in interest rates on the current macroeconomic environment, the Company believes it is well positioned to achieve long-term growth.
See Note 5 – “Acquisitions, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” and Note 8 – “Fair Value Measurements” for further discussions on the potential impacts of
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the related disclosures at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to a concentration of credit risk principally consist of cash and cash equivalents, investments in marketable debt securities,
security deposits (included under other assets,
non-current)and commissions receivable, net. Cash and cash equivalents are placed with high-credit quality financial institutions and invested in high-credit quality money market funds and commercial paper. Concentrations and ratings of marketable debt securities,
are limited by the approved investment policy.
To reduce its credit risk, the Company monitors the credit standing of the financial institutions money market funds that represent amounts recorded as cash and cash equivalents. The Company historically has not experienced any significant losses related to cash and cash equivalents.
In September 2021, the Company entered into a Strategic Alliance (“Strategic Alliance”) with M&T Reality Capital Corporation (“MTRCC”) pursuant to which the Company has agreed to provide loan opportunities that may be funded through MTRCC’s Delegated Underwriting and Servicing Agreement (“DUS Agreement”) with the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) and which requires MTRCC to guarantee a portion of each loan funded. On a
basis, the Company, at its option, can indemnify a portion of MTRCC’s guarantee obligation of loan opportunities presented to and closed by MTRCC though the DUS Agreement. The Company manages and limits the concentration of risk related to the guarantees assumed by monitoring the underlying property type, geographic location, credit of the borrowers, underlying debt service coverage, and loan to value ratios.
The Company derives its revenues from a broad range of real estate investors, owners, and users in the United States and Canada, none of which individually represents a significant concentration of credit risk. The Company maintains allowances, as needed, for estimated credit losses based on management’s assessment of the likelihood of collection. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, no transaction represented 10% or more of total revenues. Further, while one or more transactions may represent 10% or more of commissions receivable at any reporting date, amounts due are typically collected within 10 days of settlement and, therefore, do not expose the Company to significant credit risk.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company’s Canadian operations represented 2.3% of total revenues. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company’s Canadian operations represented less than 2% of total revenues.
During each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, no office represented 10% or more of total revenues.
The Company generates real estate brokerage commissions by acting as a broker for real estate owners or investors seeking to buy or sell commercial properties and generates financing fees from securing financing on purchase transactions, from refinancing its clients’ existing mortgage debt and other ancillary fees associated with financing activities, including, but not limited to, mortgage servicing, debt and equity advisory services, loan sales, due diligence services, guarantee fees, loan performance fees and other consulting. The Company’s contracts, except as noted below, do not contain multiple-element arrangements, variable consideration, financing components, significant noncash consideration, licenses, long-term contracts with customers or other items affecting the transaction price.
Real Estate Brokerage Commissions
Contracts for representing buyers and sellers of real estate are usually negotiated on a
basis. The consideration associated with the successful outcome remains constrained until the completion of a transaction which, in almost all cases, is at the close of escrow. At that time, the Company recognizes revenue related to the transaction. The Company’s fee agreements do not include terms or conditions that require the Company to perform any service or fulfill any obligation once the transaction closes.
Contracts for representing potential borrowers are usually negotiated on a
basis. The consideration associated with the successful outcome remains constrained until the completion of a transaction which, in almost all cases, is at the time the loan closes. At that time, the Company recognizes revenue related to the transaction. The Company’s fee arrangements, with certain exceptions, do not include terms or conditions that require the Company to perform any service or fulfill any obligation once the loan closes.
Loan Performance Fees- For loans originated through the Strategic Alliance with MTRCC, the Company receives variable consideration in the form of loan performance fees based on a portion of the servicing fees expected to be received under the servicing contract for servicing the loan. As the Company is not obligated to perform any servicing functions and has no further obligations related to the transaction giving rise to the loan performance fees, the estimated value of the loan performance fees to be received is recorded at the time the loan closes and are collected over the estimated term of the related loan. Any changes in the estimate of loan performance fees to be received are recorded in revenue in the period the estimate changes.
- For certain loans originated through the Strategic Alliance with MTRCC, the Company may agree, at its option, to indemnify MTRCC for a portion of MTRCC’s obligations for loans sold to Fannie Mae. For these loans, the Company allocates a portion of the transaction price and records a loan guarantee obligation based on its fair value. Revenue for this stand ready obligation is recorded on a straight-line basis over the term of the estimated guarantee period and is recorded in financing fees in the condensed consolidated statements of net and comprehensive income. The guarantee obligation is capped at 16.7% of the unpaid principal balance in excess of the collateral securing such loan. For these loans, the Company also records an allowance for loss-sharing obligations based on the unpaid balance of the loan for its portion of the obligation guaranteed to MTRCC.
- The Company recognizes mortgage servicing revenues upon the acquisition of a servicing contract. The Company records servicing fees when earned provided the loans are current and the debt service payments are made by the borrowers.
Other revenues include fees generated from consulting and advisory services, as well as referral fees from other real estate brokers, and are recognized when services are provided, or upon closing of the transaction.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”)
Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting
2020-04provides temporary optional exceptions to the guidance in U.S. GAAP on contract modifications to ease the financial reporting burdens related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates, such as the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”). ASU
2020-04is effective for all entities upon issuance and may be applied prospectively to contract modifications through December 31, 2022. The guidance applies to the Company’s Credit Agreement (see Note 13 – “Commitments and Contingencies”), which references LIBOR, and will generally allow it to account for and present a modification as an event that does not require contract remeasurement at the modification date or reassessment of a previous accounting determination. As of March 31, 2022, the Company has not drawn funds from the credit facility. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of this new standard but does not expect ASU
2020-04to have a material effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the business description and basis of presentation concepts. Business description describes the nature and type of organization including but not limited to organizational structure as may be applicable to holding companies, parent and subsidiary relationships, business divisions, business units, business segments, affiliates and information about significant ownership of the reporting entity. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef